Important Facts You Should Know About GOUT

“Gout” or “Gouty Arthritis” is one of the most painful rheumatic diseases. To understand it better, it is best to know more about purines and uric acid first.


Purines are natural substances present in all of the body’s cells, providing part of the chemical structure of our genes and the genes of plants and animals. Purines are also found almost in all kinds of food;  however, a relatively small number of food contain concentrated amounts of purines. Mostly, these high-purine foods are also high-protein foods; to name a few: organ meats like kidney, fish like mackerel, herring, sardines and mussels, and also yeast.

Purines in our body are metabolized into uric acid.  How?  When cells die and get recycled, the purines in their genetic material also get broken down. Uric acid is the chemical formed when purines have been broken down completely.  But, it’s normal and healthy for uric acid to be formed in the body from breakdown of purines, because  uric acid serves as an antioxidant and helps prevent damage to our blood vessel linings, so a continuous supply of uric acid is important for protecting our blood vessels.

Photo credit: Pixabay
Photo credit: Pixabay

In its normal process, uric acid is dissolved in the blood and passed through the kidneys where it is eliminated in the urine. If the body increases its production of uric acid or if the kidneys do not eliminate enough uric acid from the body, levels of it build up in the blood, and is otherwise known as hyperuricemia, which is a condition that could arise when a person eats too many food which are high in purine.

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