Most women of child-bearing age experience monthly periods, unless they have medical issues or are using certain types of birth control methods. Cycle length depends on a lot of factors and varies among women, with most having regular periods every 23 to 35 days and others experiencing irregularities that cause them to skip in their menstrual flow for a few months.
It is important to understand the menstrual period – and the first thing you need to know is that the menstrual cycle starts on the first day of a woman’s blood flow. Again, depending on certain factors, this usually lasts anywhere from 3 to 7 days.
This flow of blood is the body’s natural method of shedding the lining of the womb that had been built up in the previous menstrual cycle.
After flushing away all that ‘old’ lining during the period, the woman’s body then prepares for ovulation. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the brain’s pituitary gland tells your ovaries to produce eggs. As the follicles grow to become eggs, estrogen levels rise.
As the days go by, one dominant egg is produced (of course, there are cases when more are made and the lead to multiple babies if fertilized) and the uterus begins to thicken in preparation for receiving fertilized egg/s. If the produced egg becomes fertilized, the womb will then be able to provide ample nutrients to support its growth. ‘Sperm-friendly’ mucus also begin to appear as estrogen levels continue to rise.
At around the middle part of the cycle, the matured egg is released. It travels down the fallopian tube, waiting to be fertilized. This egg lives for around 24 hours. If the egg is fertilized, hormone levels decrease in the womb; without the hormones to sustain the lining, it begins to break down.
After a few days, the body sheds this lining in the form of your menstrual flow. And another cycle begins.
But did you know that there are hidden dangers that can happen during your monthly periods?
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